## How Much Voltage Drop Should We Plan For?

Monday, 28. December 2020

How Much Voltage Drop Should We Plan For With 12V DC Power Systems?

## What HF Rig Should I Buy?

Sunday, 27. December 2020

Guide to your First HF Rig.

## Field Day 2020 In Retrospect: The Core Planners.

Sunday, 23. August 2020

An interview with the folks that lead the planning for the Ventura County wide 2020 Field Day.

— Stu AG6AG

## Important Notice to All Amateur Radio Operators…

Saturday, 28. March 2020

— Stu (AG6AG)

## Formulas for Calculating DB Gain and Loss.

Monday, 23. March 2020

Every time I have to figure out ERP or dB gain I always have to search the Internet to find the formulas. Well, I figured I could just look them up here if I posted them, so here they are!

```Calculate dB gain based on actual output change. This is good for working out how much gain and amplifier gives you:

10 X log(power/refpower) = dBm Gain / loss

Example using 65 Watt output from radio into an amp and seeing that the output power is 500 Watts.

10 X log(500/65) = 8.86 dBm gain

Calculate dBm from output power:

10 X log(1000 X output watts) = Total DB Output

Example using a 100 Watt output.

10 X log(1000 X 100) = 50 dBm Output

Calculate output power from dBm

10^(dBm/ 10) / 1000

Calculate ERP based on radio output and Antenna gain:

Radio Power * 10^(dBm gain/10) = ERP

Example using 100 Watts radio output and a dB gain of 9 dBm from the antenna system:

100 * 10^(9/10) = 794 Watts

Calculate percentage of gain or loss based on dB

1 - (10^((-(dBm Loss/10)))) = Percentage of Loss

10^(dBm Gain/10) = Percentage of Gain

Example using a 3 dBm loss and gain:

Loss:
1 - (10^((-(3/10)))) = 50%

Gain:
10^(3/10) = 200%

Calculate SWR Power Loss Percentage:
(SWR -1 )² / (SWR + 1)² = Percentage of Loss

Power and Attenuation Calculations:
(all voltages are RMS)

Drop in dBm = 20 x log(R1 / R2)
Example: 50dBm = 20 x log(8000 / 25)

R1 = 10^(dBm / 20) x R2
V = √(Watts x 50Ω)
Watts = V² / 50Ω
Watts Required = V² / R1

Bulletin 65 Formulas:

Power Density:
S = PG / 4πR²
Where:
S = power density as mW/cm2
P = power at input of antenna
G = power gain of antenna in the direction of interest
R = distance to the center of the radiation of antenna

Max Power for Distance:
Max Power Density X (4π X (Distance²) = Max Power

Minimum Distance:
Square Of((Power / Max PD) / (4π))

ERP X (1.6)²

There are the two I use all the time. These two also serve as a really good platform for all sorts of calculations. One note, if you are looking for Voltage Gain, change the base 10 to base 20.```

— Stu

Sunday, 4. August 2019

A lot of work went into this video… I hope it answers some questions.

## Using Outpost with Soundmodem for VHF UHF Packet Operation

Saturday, 3. August 2019

This is useful for those that are involved in EMCOMM for their local Civil Defense Group.

## Using an SDR as a PAN Adapter

Monday, 29. July 2019

This was fun… Got a QSO with a KH station as well!

## Using FLDigi for a Contest

Friday, 26. July 2019

Fun with FLDigi and Contesting!

## FT8 Colors and how they work

Thursday, 25. July 2019

Turning additional color codes on in WSJT-x really make a difference.